Europe and Iran’s Threat Perception

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by Eldar Mamedov At the end of November, a delegation of senior European lawmakers visited Iran. The delegation was chaired by Janusz Lewandowski from Poland, a former EU commissioner, representing the center-right European People´s Party, the largest bloc in the… Continue Reading  

Sisi’s Trip to France

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by Cinzia Bianco and Giorgio Cafiero From October 23-26, Egyptian President Abdel Fatah el-Sisi made his first trip to Paris since Emmanuel Macron won France’s presidential election. Along with Sisi’s interest in securing greater investment and economic support from France,… Continue Reading  

An Exit from the Top in the Iranian Nuclear Crisis?

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by François Nicoullaud Despite President Trump’s demands that it do so, Iran has no intention of renegotiating the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Unless, of course, it will receive in exchange concessions that no one is likely to offer. In… Continue Reading  

Is France Ready to Stand Up to Trump on Iran?

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by Esfandyar Batmanghelidj  On July 26th, the French foreign ministry issued a declaration about the package of new sanctions targeting Russia and Iran making its way through Congress to President Trump’s desk in the Oval Office. In the estimation of… Continue Reading  

Macron and the Qatar Crisis

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by Giorgio Cafiero and Elaine Miao France has been one of the key Western states involved in diplomatic efforts to resolve the five-week-old crisis within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). France’s 39-year-old president, Emmanuel Macron, has sought to bring the… Continue Reading