Libya and the Outsiders: Games of Power

by Federica Saini Fasanotti When the Qadhafi regime fell in 2011, centralized power quickly dissipated and Libya fell into chaos. A wide range of armed groups asserted control over large swaths of territory in the oil-rich nation without any effective… Continue Reading  

Europe Is Determined to Save the Iran Deal

by Kourosh Ziabari It has been more than 300 years since Iran and France launched official diplomatic ties. The initial contact between the two nations dates back to the late 16th and early 17th centuries, when the kingdom of Persia… Continue Reading  

If Brexit Now Fails, the West Will Gain

by Robert E. Hunter The massive defeat for Brexit in the British Parliament by more than 200 votes means that the whole issue gets sent back to the drawing board. There are only 73 days before the magic moment when,… Continue Reading  

On the Virtues of Restraint: A View from Europe

by Eldar Mamedov The decision by U.S. President Donald Trump to withdraw from Syria caught the European foreign policy establishment, like pretty much everybody else, flat-footed. During the early stages of the Syrian civil war, the European Union echoed Washington’s view… Continue Reading  

The Effects of U.S. Sanctions on Iran’s Natural Gas Projects

by Omid Shokri Kalehsar Iran holds the second largest natural gas reserves in the world. Despite this advantage, the country controls less than one percent of the world’s natural gas market. Nevertheless, Iran is the third largest gas producer and,… Continue Reading