Libya: Flashpoint in French-Italian Ties

by Giorgio Cafiero One of the important dynamics shaping Libya’s five-year-old civil war is France’s support for General Khalifa Haftar and his forces in the Libyan National Army (LNA). Although officials in Paris generally deny backing Haftar, or remain silent… Continue Reading  

America’s Standard of “Normal Nation” in the Middle East

by Pouya Alimagham On June 2, 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated that the United States would be willing to engage with Iran as long as “the Iranians…behave like a normal nation.” Aside from the condescension of talking to… Continue Reading  

Stopping the War for Tripoli

by International Crisis Group Almost two months have passed since Libyan National Army (LNA) forces commanded by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar marched on Tripoli from their base in eastern Libya in an attempt to seize the capital. They expected a… Continue Reading  

Libya and the Outsiders: Games of Power

by Federica Saini Fasanotti When the Qadhafi regime fell in 2011, centralized power quickly dissipated and Libya fell into chaos. A wide range of armed groups asserted control over large swaths of territory in the oil-rich nation without any effective… Continue Reading  

Baghdadi’s Alive, and So Is Islamic State’s Narrative

by Giorgio Cafiero On April 29, the so-called caliph of Islamic State (ISIS or IS), Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, appeared in an 18-minute propaganda video published by Al Furqan media network. In his first public appearance since the summer of 2014,… Continue Reading