Iraq’s Paramilitary Groups

Popular Mobilization Forces in Iraq (Wikimedia Commons)

by International Crisis Group At the end of 2017, when Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over the Islamic State (ISIS or IS), he thanked not just the state’s armed forces but also an array of autonomous armed groups.… Continue Reading  

Averting War in Gaza

Image from Shutterstock

by International Crisis Group The recent escalation between Israel and Hamas was the most intense since the 2014 war. Although there are solid reasons why neither wishes to see another full-scale confrontation, the fact that nothing has been resolved in… Continue Reading  

Building on Afghanistan’s Fleeting Ceasefire

Photo by Laurin Rinder via Shutterstock

by International Crisis Group For three days over the Eid al-Fitr holiday, Afghanistan witnessed an historic ceasefire by the main parties to its decades-long and ever bloodier conflict. A steep drop in violence brought a brief sense of normalcy to… Continue Reading  

Yemen: The Fate of Hodeida

Martin Griffith (UN photo by Manuel Elias)

by International Crisis Group The battle for Hodeida is reaching the point of no return. UAE-backed Yemeni forces are poised to begin operations to take this Red Sea port and city of 600,000 from Houthi rebels. This is the final,… Continue Reading  

Somalia and the Gulf Crisis

Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo

by International Crisis Group The bitter rivalries underpinning the crisis among members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have added a dangerous new twist to Somalia’s instability. Competition between the United Arab Emirates (UAE), on the one hand, and Qatar… Continue Reading