How “Maximum Pressure” Can Yield Economic Prosperity for Iran

by Karim Sharara “People talk about smart sanctions and crippling sanctions. I’ve never seen smart sanctions, and crippling sanctions cripple everyone, including innocent civilians, and make the government more popular.” – Mohammad al-Baradei, former Director General of the IAEA. All… Continue Reading  

The Unimportance of New Oil Sanctions

by Djavad Salehi-Isfahani The decision by the Trump administration not to renew the temporary waivers that had allowed eight countries to continue to import Iranian oil will further reduce Iranian oil sales and worsen Iran’s already difficult economic situation. But… Continue Reading  

Iran’s Economic Populism: Antidote to U.S. Pressure

by Kaveh L. Afrasiabi Exactly 30 years ago, I wrote a dissertation of over 500 pages on state and populism in Iran that ended with a chapter on “permanent populism.” This concept draws together various strands: the pattern of post-revolutionary… Continue Reading  

Iranian Protests and the Working Class

by Esfandyar Batmanghelidj In February of 2017, I wrote about Iran’s “forgotten man,” the member of the working class who seemed invisible in the talk of the country’s post-sanctions recovery: What has been lost is an appreciation that the “normalization”… Continue Reading  

Majority of Business Leaders Blame Trump for Slow Iran Investments

by Esfandyar Batmanghelidj As President Donald Trump threatens to de-certify Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA, the political environment around post-sanctions trade and investment has grown more contentious. Yet, at the same time, after extensive negotiations with leading multinational companies, Iran… Continue Reading