The Russian-Iranian Axis: An Eternal Marriage (of Convenience)

by Ghoncheh Tazmini While the European Union’s plan to establish a “special purpose vehicle” to protect Iranian commerce from U.S. sanctions continues to underwhelm Iranian leaders, the Russian government has taken a decisive step to help Iran circumnavigate sanctions by… Continue Reading  

Hizbullah Reminds Israel of Its Power

by Helena Cobban On September 1, Hizbullah fighters on Lebanon’s border with Israel fired two precision-guided missiles over the border, apparently hitting an Israeli “Wolf” armored personnel carrier (APC) and inflicting casualties of unknown severity on its occupants (see below).… Continue Reading  

Why Iran’s Strategy of Reversible Escalation Is Working

by Eldar Mamedov A year after the United States unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear agreement with Iran (known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) and instituted its “maximum pressure” campaign against the country in May 2018, Iran… Continue Reading  

Iran’s Disappearing Forests Pose Environmental Challenge

by Austin Bodetti While Western think tanks have drawn attention to droughts and floods in Iran, the news media has ignored another critical environmental issue there: deforestation. Between 1900 and 2012, Iran’s forest acreage decreased from 19 million acres to… Continue Reading  

The Stubborn Persistence of Failed Maximum Pressure Against Iran

by Paul R. Pillar It is a sure sign that the Trump administration’s campaign to squeeze Iran into submission is a failure when those who customarily favor pressuring Iran acknowledge that failure. Take what has become the administration’s go-to rationale… Continue Reading