What Does Kazakhstan’s New Military Doctrine Reveal About Relations With Russia?

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by Deirdre Tynan  Without much ado, Kazakhstan adopted a new military doctrine in September, replacing a 2011 document that had become dated. The new document states that Kazakhstan does not have enemies. Yet, Astana seems alarmed enough by Russia’s aggressive… Continue Reading  

Kazakhstan: Is New Military Doctrine Response to Russia or the West?

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by Almaz Kumenov  In late September, Kazakhstan adopted its fifth military doctrine. The document outlines a shift in strategic thinking that seems, at least in part, designed to respond to potential threats emanating from Kazakhstan’s neighbor and ally, Russia —… Continue Reading  

Economy and Sanctions Derail Russia’s Central Asian Investments

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by Peter Leonard After years of embarking on promising forays into Central Asia’s economy, Russia is being forced to pare back its ambitions. The starkest retreat of Russian money is seen in Kyrgyzstan, whose parliament voted overwhelmingly last week to… Continue Reading