U.S. Economic Warfare and Iran’s Politics of Muddling Through

by Daniel Brumberg It is too early to gauge the overall economic consequences for Iran of the Trump administration’ re-imposition of oil-related sanctions. Their full impact will partly depend on the ability of the European Union (EU), China, Russia, India,… Continue Reading  

Bookkeepers, Mad Mullahs, and the Sources of Iranian Conduct

by Paul R. Pillar The Trump administration’s policy of “maximum pressure” on Iran so far shows no sign of inducing any desirable change in Iranian policy. Several reasons underlie this failure.  The administration has given the Iranian regime no realistic… Continue Reading  

How Iran’s President Rouhani Can Turn Crisis into Opportunity

by Ali Vaez Manifold reasons lie behind Iran’s ongoing protests, but the immediate trigger appears to be widespread disgruntlement over the country’s economic performance, especially cuts in President Hassan Rouhani’s new budget. Neither a revolution nor a political movement, the… Continue Reading  

Contrasting Leadership Styles in the Saudi-Iran Conflict

by Seyed Hossein Mousavian Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman (MBS) is steadily consolidating power in Riyadh and positioning himself to become the most powerful ruler in Saudi history. His rise has been accompanied with a ratcheting up of hostilities… Continue Reading  

The Logic Behind Iran’s Regional Posture

by Adnan Tabatabai On December 3, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei convened Iran’s top military brass. Iranian media circulated one key sentence of his remarks on the front pages of newspapers: “Today, the armed forces are in need of the best… Continue Reading