After Trump’s Syria Announcement, YPG Looks to Moscow and Damascus

U.S. Marines engaged in anti-IS operations in Syria's Deir Ezzor province, October 2018 (Wikimedia Commons)

by Giorgio Cafiero When a plethora of state and non-state actors were collaborating in the struggle against the Islamic State (ISIS or IS) in Syria during the so-called caliphate’s peak, the dominant Kurdish force—the People’s Protection Units (YPG)—cooperated with both… Continue Reading  

Talking with an Unrepentant ISIS Fighter

Doug McLean via Shutterstock

by Giorgio Cafiero Situated at the Turkish-Syrian border’s intersection with the Mediterranean, Turkey’s southernmost Hatay Province has been highly vulnerable to spillover effects from Syria’s raging war. That’s been a function not only of geography and refugee waves, but also… Continue Reading  

Idlib Further Complicates Turkish-Russian Relationship

Photo by quetions123 via Shutterstock

by Giorgio Cafiero and Theodore Karasik On July 26, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin held talks in South Africa on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit. The two met against the backdrop of growing Turkish concerns… Continue Reading  

Is the Rojava Dream at Risk?

Dilar Dirik

by Giuseppe Acconcia In 2011, as Syria’s uprising spread, the Kurds living in the country’s northern provinces organized themselves to defend their neighborhoods and provide social services. The Kurds’ “local coordination committees” were similar to the bodies of the same name… Continue Reading  

Turkey’s Afrin Operation Draws in Armenians, Azeris

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by Emil Sanamyan  As Turkey’s military intervention in Kurdish-majority Afrin, Syria, entered its third week, a parallel public relations battle has raged on airwaves and social media, with varying messages tailored to Armenian and Azerbaijani audiences. The Kurdish Democratic Federation of… Continue Reading