What Are Russians up to in Syria?

by Eldar Mamedov In remarks on December 11 intended to increase pressure on Turkey, President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia’s military to act in an “extremely tough way” in Syria to protect Russian forces attacking Islamic State (ISIS or IS) targets.… Continue Reading  

Combating the Islamic State: Turkey the Spoiler

by Wayne White Turkey has disrupted efforts to isolate and weaken the Islamic State (ISIS or IS) since last year. Having the longest border with Syria, Turkey has been a serious obstacle in dealing with the military challenge IS poses… Continue Reading  

Escalating Crisis? Implications of Turkey’s Downing of a Russian Jet

by Mark N. Katz Turkey’s shootdown on November 24 of a Russian fighter aircraft that Ankara claims was violating Turkish airspace raises the prospect that the conflict in Syria could escalate.