Israel, the US and the Palestinians: A Recipe for Failure

by Mitchell Plitnick

When it comes to Israel and the Palestinians, it’s never foolish to be a pessimist. About fourteen months ago, when John Kerry began his quixotic task of driving the two parties toward a final agreement to end their conflict, there was a trickle of optimism from those who are irrevocably committed not just to a two-state solution, but specifically to the Oslo process. The pessimists, by contrast, came in all shades, with a variety of visions of failure. One of the most prominent theories was that this would be yet another US exercise in building talks to nowhere.

That is exactly where things stand now. US Secretary of State John Kerry went to Jerusalem on Monday in an attempt to save the talks after a deadline passed on March 29 for Israel to release the last 26 Palestinian prisoners it had agreed to let go in order to give Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (with whom Kerry was also supposed to meet, but the meeting was mysteriously cancelled at the last minute) the political space he needed to engage in talks with Israel. But what is it that he’s trying to save?

Kerry started on this road with the goal of reaching a final agreement. Then he scaled back the goal and declared that the April 29 deadline, which Abbas had vowed not to go past, would be the date by which a framework for continuing talks would be reached. Now the goal is merely to extend the talks beyond April 29 in order to find a framework. That is the very definition of pointless talks.

Kerry might or might not succeed in getting his extension. President Barack Obama is very much behind his efforts and that is not a force the Israelis, much less the Palestinians, can blithely ignore. But it raises the question: why even pursue this, especially now when the US is facing more pressing matters?

Advantage Israel

In the past, an argument could be made to keep talking, in order to push the Oslo process forward. But today, the Palestinians and Israelis are further away from an agreement than they have been at any time in over two decades, with growing animosity and mistrust. It is difficult to see where the Palestinians could possibly compromise more than they have on territory, Jerusalem, refugees and their own sovereignty. On the Israeli side, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is a relative moderate in a mostly far-right coalition that he has shown no inclination to abandon. On the contrary, he is constantly moving to appease his right flank. Then there’s the question of why any Israeli leader would reach an agreement with the Palestinians. As Netanyahu put it, “In any case, there won’t be any deal without Israel knowing clearly what it will get in exchange.” And what can the Palestinians offer?

Netanyahu’s own Likud party has moved farther right, and much of it would like nothing better than to see an end to the negotiations with the Palestinians. They feel that Israel could then start contemplating and preparing, both politically and physically, unilateral moves, up to and including annexing major chunks of the West Bank, or even all of it. But Bibi himself understands that ongoing talks reduce the pressure on Israel from Europe and other, non-US powers. And, of course, they keep the United States happy.

For Israel, whether the talks collapse or not, the situation is eminently workable. If they fall apart, it was the Palestinians, they will say, who stopped talking. For the right-wing governing coalition, the increase in heat from Europe and potential Palestinian legal action at the United Nations or the Hague will be more than offset by their perceived freedom to act unilaterally. If the talks continue, Israel is right where it is today, which is not a bad position from Netanyahu’s and much of the current government’s point of view, even for those for whom continuing talks is less than optimal.

Talks for the sake of talks

In reality, the party that really wants these talks to continue is the United States.

There are many false clichés that have been uttered about the Oslo peace process. Among the falsest has always been “The US cannot want peace more than the parties do.” In fact, it can, and current events prove it can even want negotiations more than the parties do. The Obama administration is really the only one that fully benefits from continuing the talks, and that’s why there is such a major push now to save them.

One would normally wonder why, when the United States is facing its most serious confrontation with Russia in a quarter of a century, the Secretary of State would head to Israel not to bring results but merely to continue talks, which virtually no one believes will succeed.

On Monday news broke that the Obama administration was considering playing one of its biggest cards with a right-wing Israeli government, freeing the convicted American spy for Israel, Jonathan Pollard. They’d do this not to wring major concessions that could be part of a foundation for a permanent deal from Israel but merely to keep the current talks afloat. Again, why? It seems like an awfully high price for a miniscule return.

Right now, for the Obama administration, this is all about timing, and that’s why just getting an extension of the talks is so important. Obama is taking a major beating over his handling of Russia and Ukraine, even from some erstwhile supporters of his foreign policy. His party is in serious danger of losing the Senate in November, leaving both houses of Congress in the hands of Republicans whose sole focus is opposing and undoing anything Obama has ever done or will do. The growing ability of Obama’s rivals on Capitol Hill to paint the president as weak-willed could also present serious problems in other foreign policy areas, especially the nuclear talks with Iran.

Put plainly, Obama cannot afford to have another foreign policy failure on his hands right now. This is especially true in so politically sensitive an arena as Israel and after putting so much of his administration’s energy into this effort from day one of his second term. Obama and Kerry are not blind; they know very well that there is no longer any chance of bringing Netanyahu and Abbas to an ultimate agreement, and that whether talks continue or not, each passing day drives hope for a resolution farther away, rather than bringing it closer. They know the talks will fail, they just need them to fail at a later date, one which, hopefully, will be less damaging to the administration’s overall foreign policy for the next three years.

Sidelined Palestinians

If the Israelis see a win in either direction, and the United States needs the talks to continue, the Palestinian Authority has absolutely no interest in extending the deadline for negotiations. Back in January 2013 Mahmoud Abbas might have held some slim hope that a second-term Obama presidency with Kerry leading the State Department would pressure Israel in a way that hasn’t been seen in decades to finally quit the West Bank. As naïve as that sounds, one could have built a credible case for a slim possibility of that back then.

But now the Palestinians have watched as Kerry caved in at every turn to the Israelis. He agreed that Israeli security would be the top priority above Palestinian freedom; that an Israeli presence in the Jordan Valley after the ostensible end of the occupation was acceptable; that negotiations must be held despite ongoing Israeli settlement expansion; and in the most stunning example of lack of spine, Kerry agreed that the Palestinians should recognize Israel as a Jewish state. The idea that there would be any kind of pressure from Washington other than the political theater built on the lack of rapport between Obama and Netanyahu was definitively ruled out by John Kerry.

Instead, the Palestinians are being pressured to forego their red line, which was negotiating past the deadline that Kerry himself set. They are being pressured to continue to refrain from pursuing the legal channels that are open to them in the international system as well. For eight months, talks have dragged on with nothing whatsoever to show for it. And if there is one clear result of the two decades of the Oslo process, it is that from top to bottom in Palestinian society, patience has completely run out with talks that produce nothing while the settlements expand and the occupation tightens. The Palestinians only lose by extending talks. The only Palestinians who gain are the very few among the leaders, Abbas, lead negotiator Saeb Erekat, and their cohorts. The Palestinian Authority exists in the diplomatic arena only to pursue the US-brokered peace process. If it ends, so does the PA’s usefulness as the national leadership and they know it.

The three parties have three very different agendas, and that is very far from a recipe for success. Israel will do all right in any case, at least in the short term, and the United States may very well get what it wants through the sheer exercise of power. But in terms of the ostensible goal of Palestinian freedom, the Palestinians have absolutely no reason to continue these talks. If they agree to do so, it might well be seen as the final, quisling act of betrayal by a powerless leadership that thought it could sit down with one regional and one global superpower and be treated as an equal.

Photo: US Secretary of State John Kerry is greeted by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as he arrives at his office in Jerusalem on March 31, 2014, for peace talks with his government and Palestinian Authority leaders. Credit: State Department

Mitchell Plitnick

Mitchell Plitnick is a political analyst and writer. His previous positions include vice president at the Foundation for Middle East Peace, director of the US Office of B’Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, and co-director of Jewish Voice for Peace. His writing has appeared in Ha’aretz, the New Republic, the Jordan Times, Middle East Report, the San Francisco Chronicle, +972 Magazine, Outlook, and other outlets. He was a columnist for Tikkun Magazine, Zeek Magazine and Souciant. He has spoken all over the country on Middle East politics, and has regularly offered commentary in a wide range of radio and television outlets including PBS News Hour, the O’Reilly Factor, i24 (Israel), Pacifica Radio, CNBC Asia and many other outlets, as well as at his own blog, Rethinking Foreign Policy, at You can find him on Twitter @MJPlitnick.



  1. Time and again it has been shown that due to domestic politics the United States is not in a position to put pressure on Israel, and thus is incapable of acting as an honest broker in Israeli-Palestinian talks. As far as the rightwing Israeli leaders are concerned, no matter what the Palestinians give is not enough because they want to annex the whole of Palestine.

    Any US Administration that is really interested in a lasting solution to the Middle East conflict should simply stop pretending to be a mediator and should simply tell both sides that it will not veto a UN General Assembly or Security Council resolution that tries to find an equitable solution. The continuation of the present charade is pointless and in fact demeaning and harmful to America’s longterm interests.

  2. Where do they get the idea that there will be a solution. Israel has NO interest in settling the problem using every excuse possible to continue its obstreperous behavior.

  3. How can you possibly claim that Netanyahu is ‘a relative moderate’?
    His brother was killed by Palestinians in Entebbe and his father was the personal secretary to Ze’ev Jabotinsky, the founder of so-called Reform Zionism, which is clearly committed to an Eretz (or Greater) Israel, stretching from the River Nile to the River Euphrates.
    He only appears to be ‘a relative moderate’ because he grew up in the USA and is able to talk to members of the US elite in a language and with an accent they can understand.
    But his personal ideology is way way beyond their comprehension and understanding.
    There is only one solution: ICC + BDS. The Zionist state of Israel has to be bankrupted financially and morally in the world’s eyes so that they abandon Jabotinsky’s concept of an iron wall behind which Eretz Israel would be achieved. The fascist doctrines of this admirer of Mussolini were indoctrinated into the minds of the young Netanyahu brothers by their father, who only died in 2012. Netanyahu still clings to the idea of a secure Zionist Israel behind a wall of steel bayonets, just like Jabotinsky.
    He and the rest of the rabble which currently controls Zionist Israel should be isolated and ostracised.
    Once ordinary Israelis realise the rest of the world is serious, they will get rid of Netanyahu and others of his ilk and replace them with people who really are moderate and who are prepared to negotiate a long-term solution to the Palestinian problem, instead of just spinning negotiations out indefinitely.

  4. The key word, John, is “relative.” And that depends on who it is relative to. The phrasing in the piece is “…a relative moderate in a mostly far-right coalition.” That means he is moderate compared not to Isaac Herzog or Zehava Gal’on or even Aryeh Deri, but compared to Moshe Ya’alon, Avigdor Lieberman and Naftali Bennett. And he is. That such a statement can be made says nothing good about Netanyahu, but rather about how radical, how extreme most of the other most politically powerful men in the Israeli government are. And those three are the next most powerful after Bibi (Yair Lapid has virtually no influence on foreign policy matters).

  5. Mitchell: I understand what you are saying and I agree fully with what you are saying, which is why I believe the next stage in the process of freeing both Palestine and Israel is ICC + BDS.
    The current clique who control Israel have nothing to offer anyone other than bluster for hardliners.
    I attended a talk on Gaza in London some months ago, at which one of the speakers – a young woman from Israel – expressed her disappointment and depression at the fact that moderate Israeli intellectuals were nowhere to be seen in Israel today, unlike in the 1980s and 1990s, when there was a certain amount of radical chic for those on the progressive wing of Israeli politics. No more.
    With academics like Professor Ilan Pappe being forced out of Israel and many others being silenced, it is no surprise that the world-wide movement for a free Palestine is now turning increasingly to academic boycotts of Israel, along with boycotts of goods and service associated with Israeli companies operating in the occupied Palestinian territories.
    Trying to talk reasonably with the hardliners currently controlling Israel and the occupied territories is clearly an utter waste of time so it is time to move on to ICC + BDS at full speed.
    Forget Netanyahu and his fascist friends – they are turning into historic junk before our very eyes.

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