Foreign Policy Luminaries Warn Against New Iran Sanctions

by Jasmin Ramsey

In a letter today, a bipartisan group of senior foreign policy luminaries urged senators not to pass new sanctions against Iran, warning that additional sanctions would jeopardize ongoing diplomatic efforts and potentially move the U.S. closer to war. The letter’s nine signers include Ryan Crocker, former Ambassador to Iraq and Afghanistan, Daniel Kurtzer, former Ambassador to Israel and Thomas R. Pickering, former Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, and former Ambassador to Israel, India Jordan, Russia and the United Nations. Last week another former official and prominent expert, Colin Kahl, who who served as the top Middle East policy official at the Defence Department for most of President Obama’s first term, made the same argument with an in-depth explanation.

The letter was delivered to the co-sponsors of the Nuclear Weapon Free Act of 2013 introduced by Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ) and Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL). The bill would add more sanctions on Iran and purchasers of its oil as well as position the U.S. to support Israel militarily, economically and diplomatically if they choose to take military action against Iran. The full letter is reprinted below.

Chairman Robert Menendez
United States Senate
522 Hart Senate Office Bldg
Washington, DC 20510
January 6, 2014

Dear Chairman Menendez,

We ask you and the other cosponsors of the Menendez/Kirk bill, S. 1881, to review carefully whether that legislation serves U.S. national interests and those of our friends and allies. We believe it does not for a number of important reasons.

The bill will threaten the prospects for success in the current negotiations and thus present us and our friends with a stark choice – military action or living with a nuclear Iran. A military strike would not eliminate Iran’s nuclear capacity and may result in the very thing the U.S. hopes to prevent: Iran deciding to seek nuclear weapons. Living with an Iranian nuclear weapon is exactly the outcome the U.S. seeks to avoid with international negotiations.

President Obama’s decision to test the intentions of the new government of Iran offers the best opportunity in decades to see whether there is a peaceful way to achieve all of our most important objectives. More importantly if Iran were to agree to substantial and verifiable limits on its nuclear program — which they say they are prepared to do – the world would be a safer place than if the international community were to try to achieve such objectives through war.

You and your co-sponsors contend that since sanctions brought Iran to the table to negotiate seriously, then more sanctions or legislated threats of more sanctions would make Iran’s leaders even more determined to give us what we seek. To the contrary, Iranian leaders are more likely to see such Congressional action as a violation of the spirit and perhaps the letter of the Joint Plan of Action of November 24, 2013, and to harden rather than soften their negotiating position. Already, Iranian legislators have threatened to pass a bill requiring enrichment at higher levels — beyond 20% — in response to S. 1881. This kind of tit-for-tat spiral threatens to undermine any possibility of curtailing Iran’s nuclear program.

Once the new Iranian president declared his government’s readiness to negotiate immediately and seriously a comprehensive agreement to give the international community virtually everything it seeks in return for gradual sanctions relief, the Iranians had every right to assume that the US and the other nations involved in the negotiations would proceed in good faith. Based on our experience born of years of dealings with Iran, we do not believe the Iranians will continue to negotiate under new or increased threats.

The outcome of these negotiations is by no means certain. Should the U.S. Congress decide it must unilaterally seek to add even more burdens now on this complicated and critical process, it is unlikely that the goals of our negotiations can be achieved. Moreover our other negotiating partners (UK, France, Germany, Russia, and China) would be displeased and would conclude that the US is no longer proceeding in good faith in accord with the Joint Plan of Action. This bill could lead to an unraveling of the sanctions regime that the U.S. and its partners have so patiently built.

The United States and its allies in the region would better off if relieved of the concern that Iran might acquire a nuclear weapon. Israel would no longer have to be concerned that Iran could present an existential threat and would be in a stronger position to defend itself. This is particularly true in view of the capacity for self-defense inherent in Israel’s overwhelming military power, both conventional forces and its well-known strategic capabilities.

We urge you to take a second look at this legislation, accept that you have achieved your objective of putting down a marker for Iran, but not press this bill to a vote. You do not sacrifice any of your options by doing so. Negotiators now need a chance to continue to their work. We ask that you stand up firmly for the interests of the United States, as you always have, and allow the negotiations to proceed.


Ryan Crocker, former Ambassador to Iraq and Afghanistan
Stephen Heintz, President, Rockefeller Brothers Fund
Daniel Kurtzer, former Ambassador to Israel
William H. Luers, former Ambassador to Venezuela and Czechoslovakia
Jessica Tuchman Mathews, President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Thomas R. Pickering, former Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, and former Ambassador to Israel, India Jordan, Russia and the United Nations
Paul Pillar, former National Intelligence Officer
Jim Walsh, Research Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Frank G. Wisner, former Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs and Under Secretary of Defense for Policy

Jasmin Ramsey

Jasmin Ramsey is a journalist based in Washington, DC.



  1. How many of the promoters of this foolish bill are actually intent on blocking any deal between Iran and the P5+1?

  2. Dear Chairman Mao, sorry, Chairman Menendez: please do not overlook cultural differences! Even in the spirit of your own Hollywood Movies: offering a KISS does not imply invitation to be RAPED! You’ve got a lovely kiss so far, don’t spoil it, make the best of it: after more than 3 decades you should have known our culture, so be glad you have got the Iranian negotiators to agree with the kiss, and it is a nice kiss, so please don’t cross the line. With us you can get a lot through friendship but not through coercion and bully, this is how we have been for 1000s of years.

    There is a world of difference between paranoia and reality; instead of drafting bills take a trip to Iran, believe me even those who are still mourning death of their loved ones killed during your proxy war in the 1980s, despite shouting ‘death to America’ they would invite you to their homes, to their relatives and best restaurants and show you around like a member of their own family, that is how we are as a nation, we do not live with hatred – just frustrated by the US foreign policy.

    I am sure you know better that it is not politics that bonds two different ‘nations’ together for long, it is always a ‘genuine’ cultural understanding; so instead of drafting bills take courage and go visit the people and see there is a world of difference between decades of demonizing propaganda and the real people who inhibit Iran, and take my advice, try to understand them, so relax and be content with a ‘kiss’, just in case!

  3. Khosrow makes some sober points, which would show a different picture than the one[s] Congress gets from AIPAC/Netanyahoo. Of course, that might be too much for the Congressman to handle, certainly not in the play book they have been using. Seeing only one side, the Israeli side, like the present negotiations Kerry is involved with between the Palestinians & the Israelis, if but a fools errand. But then, Congress has been avoiding standing up for the U.S. Constitution that they swore to uphold. If they continue with this, preferring to selling out for the lobbyists $$$$, do they actually believe that they will be blameless if another war erupts?

  4. Israel and it’s lobby in US are not settling down with anything less than a war unless someone tells them to back off by defeating them.

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