Can International Cooperation Revitalize Wetlands on Afghanistan-Iran Border?

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by Fatemeh Aman Efforts to revive the Hamoun wetlands on the Iran-Afghanistan border are intensifying. A recent panel at the Atlantic Council described international involvement as vital both to help resolve this environmental challenge and to raise awareness about the devastating impact… Continue Reading  

Why Are Afghan and Pakistani Fighters Deploying to Syria on Iran’s Behalf?

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by Fatemeh Aman After long denying that it had deployed any foreign nationals to Syria, Iran now insists that Afghan and Pakistani Shia fighters have traveled to Syria in a spontaneous, voluntary display of religious and ideological conviction. Tehran claims… Continue Reading  

Afghanistan: On the Eve of a Religious War?

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by Fatemeh Aman The Islamic State (ISIS or IS) recently threatened the Shia Hazara minority in Afghanistan with more attacks in retaliation for fighting in Syria in defense of President Bashar Al-Assad’s regime. “Unless they stop going to Syria and… Continue Reading  

India Between Iran and Saudi Arabia

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by Fatemeh Aman During Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Saudi Arabia that began on April 3, India and Saudi Arabia signed agreements on financial intelligence-sharing, terrorism financing, and trade and investment. According to the joint statement, the two countries… Continue Reading  

The Iran Deal and South Asia

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by Fatemeh Aman The agreement between Iran and world powers may be making Iran’s Arab neighbors nervous, but for South Asian countries with energy worries, it has come as a relief. The lifting of sanctions on Iran could mean economic… Continue Reading