by James J. Zogby
The sights and sounds of Central American children being ripped from their parents by U.S. Border Patrol officers have, by now, spread across the globe. The experience has been traumatizing to its victims and deeply painful to watch. It has also done incalculable damage to the very idea of America.
This is June when we are supposed to be celebrating “Immigrant Heritage Month.” Each year, I have taken this opportunity to recall my family’s immigrant story—the opportunity and freedom they sought, the hardships they endured, and the remarkable progress they made in just one generation.
I have written how I learned from my own family’s trajectory and the difference between the experience of immigrants in America and Europe. My friend Michael Baroody has spoken of the “alchemy of America” that has demonstrated the capacity, in every generation, to transform peoples from diverse cultures into Americans. And how, in the process, my country, itself, has been transformed, so that it simply isn’t possible to speak of the many facets of American culture—our food, music, fashion, humor, or even our contemporary heroes—without acknowledging our indebtedness to the many cultures who have made us who we are.
At the same time, I have noted that coexisting with this welcoming and inclusive history have been our original sins of slavery, genocide and ethnic cleansing, and conquest. The challenge of every generation has been to fight against the residual legacy of these sins, while working to realize the promise of a better idea of America. This is what we have sought to do with “Immigrant Heritage Month.”
The problem I am having right now is how to wrap my mind around the sights and sounds of the families at the border and how, in light of this horror, to still be able to lift up the idea of America.
I am uncomfortable with the banal responses of some liberals who say “this is not who we are” or “these are not our values” when, in fact, at too many times in our history, this is precisely who we have been. And it is especially true today, when we have an administration supported by a Republican Congress and a significant segment of the public, all of whom: want to build a wall; support a Muslim ban; and accept the president’s rhetoric about the danger of admitting people of color into our country, ending family unification, and limiting the entry of refugees and those seeking asylum.
Ignoring or denying the impact of our original sins on our political culture is not only a fool’s errand, it makes us vulnerable to their corrupting appeal.
I also take issue with those who fail to recognize the broader impact of the horrifying scenes unfolding on our southern border. This is not, as some have written, the equivalent of the post-Katrina debacle that rocked the Bush administration. Bush’s failure was due to incompetence and ineffectiveness in the aftermath of the hurricane. What is happening now is different. It is the result of a deliberate, cold and calculated policy born of pathological racism and designed to play to the worst instincts of the president’s supporters.
Donald Trump has been preparing the ground for policies like this with years of rhetoric that have demeaned immigrants from the south. At different times, he has spoken of them as a mortal threat to our country, our culture, and our people. In his speeches he has portrayed them as “snakes” and an “infestation.” He has also referred to them as murderers, rapists, criminals, or just simply “not the best people” who would only be a drag on our progress.
Once immigrants have been dehumanized in this manner, it becomes easier to abuse them and easier for the president’s apologists to justify this abuse. Fox News commentators, for example, have dismissed the children’s cries as “an act” and rebuked their parents as “unfit” for having put their families at risk, suggesting that they deserve what is happening to them and their children.
What Trump and his acolytes have ignored are the violence and desperate poverty in the home countries of those who have risked everything, trekking thousands of miles with their children seeking refuge in the U.S. Precisely because they courageously sought safety, freedom and opportunity for their families, I see them as heroes, not criminals.
The story behind today’s immigrants is no different than that of the Irish fleeing the famine, Jews fleeing pogroms, or Central and Southern Europeans fleeing war and economic hardship or Fascist or Communist oppression.
For me, it’s also personal, because today’s migrants also remind me of my own family’s story. They are like my grandfather who took his wife and seven children over the mountains of Lebanon fleeing for their safety. He died in exile leaving his wife and children internally displaced. Today’s “unaccompanied minors” are like my Uncle Habib who, at the age of 14, was chosen by the family to come alone to America in 1910, to pave the way for the rest of the family to join him. And today’s “undocumenteds” remind me of my father who, when he couldn’t secure a visa to reunite with his family, entered the U.S. illegally and was repeatedly forced into hiding until he received amnesty and became a citizen 20 years later.
Once here, like other newcomers to our shores, my family endured bigotry and hardship, worked hard, and, in the end, succeeded. This is our American story. It is the one celebrated in the words inscribed on the Statue of Liberty and it has served, for generations, as a beacon to “the tired, the poor, those yearning to be free” from all over the world.
It is here that the cruel actions taken by the Trump administration have done lasting damage. The sights and sounds of the children so brutally treated by presidential decree have, for many across the globe, extinguished the light of Lady Liberty and left an indelible stain on the very idea of who we have aspired to be. That is why I believe that the impact of this horror is more like the revelations of torture at Abu Ghraib. It will take us a generation to recover what we have lost.
James J. Zogby is the president of the Arab American Institute.
I think the key thing here is to talk of the “melting pot” idea, rather than the “idea of America.” The US has long claimed to be a melting pot, and however imperfectly, has been the world’s great melting pot – whereas the USSR failed in part because it claimed to be, and clearly wasn’t.
It would be good to get Trumpians’ position on this idea.
The other key thing is to acknowledge that the Trump/Republican vs Democrat divide is first and foremost about race. The US has a race war – something like a third or more want to stem the non-white demographic tide, and maybe a third or so on the other side are pro-melting pot.
The “idea of America” was irreparably damaged by the backing of an aggressor in a war such as Saddam with chemical weapons — this is itself the “Supreme Crime” under international law for which people have hanged. Then it took a beating after no one was ever held accountable for the lies. The entire US Constitution, the idea of holding authority to account and checks-and-balances that were supposed to prevent a march towards war based on lies, proved to be irrelevant. And afterwards, when the National Security privilege and official immunity was invoked to protect the likes of Rumsfeld and Cheney and Feith from war crimes charges, giving them impunity and making them literally above the law… that was pretty much the end of the concept of the Rule of Law too. We’re not even going to talk about the legalization of torture, indefinite detention without trial, mass warrantless surveillance, the execution of Americans abroad without due process, the use of “Secret evidence” in trials, etc. Compared to the gripes of the Founding Fathers against the British that justified the 1776 Revolution…
To add to what Zogby writes, an important element that gets left out of the immigration story is the role the United States played in creating the violence in Central America that refugees are trying to escape. The United States undermining elected governments in favor of repressive right wing governments that promoted chaos in which murderously violent gangs thrived. In a similar way, although not directly relevant to the US refugee problem, Bush and Cheney’s invasion of Iraq blew up the Middle East and started the chain of consequences that led to the influx of refugees into Europe.
@Rafa – Not sure what a “trumpian” is, but I do support tighter borders, because living here in Texas, and in previous states, I have seen the destruction of people in order to gain a higher profit. I have seen people used as work slaves, sex slaves, and actually “sold”(a family “bought” a Thai woman from another family to be their live in maid/nanny. Payment was made not to the maid, to the family she was working for.) This HAS to stop. One way to stop this is to make sure everyone comes in and is accounted for. I don’t care about the numbers, that’s for policy makers. but the illegal status of a person is inhumane based on their status and being “on the run” so to speak. This makes them targets of evil people and easy prey, since they can’t fight back legally.
Melting pot – I agree with this concept, but in today’s tribalism and division (akin to teddy Roosevelt’s ‘hyphenated Americans’, why must we divide ourselves into these separate groups, rather than just be an American, whose heritage came from Guatemala or Ireland or Greece or Lebanon? Are we promoting a “melting pot”, or are we promoting “diversity” where “diversity” means anyone but white Americans? You cannot exclude 40% of the population from your pot and then hold those being held outside to account for not being in the pot (and that flows both ways, by instigating an us v them philosophy, you are stating their are TWO pots – one for European heritage Americans, and one for everyone else ) and then complain that the two aren’t working together. I feel that this position is ingenuous.
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