Trump, Kim, and Embracing a Middle Ground

Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump meet at the DMZ (White House via Wikimedia Commons)

by Daniel Wagner

The U.S. media has been busy over-analyzing and misinterpreting Trump’s 30-second foray into North Korea. The prevailing view has been that Trump gained nothing and Kim scored a huge public relations victory. This is short-sighted, for it fails to account for the potential long-term benefit to be gained by strengthening the personal relationship between the two men. It also fails to acknowledge that last weekend’s brief meeting succeeded in reviving bilateral negotiations.

Given the two false starts that have already occurred over the past 15 months, both leaders now seem to understand that a successful conclusion will require years of patient, deliberate negotiation. Kim no doubt understands that Trump is his best chance to achieve that objective. That being the case, he probably also realizes that he may not have much time left to do so, if Trump loses next year’s presidential election.

Some analysts have opined that Kim is merely stringing Trump along—taking as much as he can get in concessions and giving very little back in return. However, the notion that Kim might be persuaded to destroy his nuclear arsenal in its entirety had always been completely unrealistic. Kim had no incentive to make concessions on that basis. From his perspective, such a hard-line position was never going to be a serious point of embarkation. Trump realizes that now and may be more inclined to settle for a more realistic fallback position: a freeze in North Korea’s current nuclear arsenal. If the United States formally proposes a freeze Kim is likely to accept it.

One thing going for both Kim and Trump is that they have large egos. Both have staked so much on this process, and neither wants to walk away in failure. They both want to go down in history as the men who saved the world from nuclear catastrophe and did what no one else had, or could have, done. A next logical step would be to declare a formal end to the Korean War. This would serve as a confidence-building measure to set the stage for whatever comes next. Assuming that gradual progress is made in the negotiation process, the cessation of the annual military exercises between South Korea and the United States should be made permanent.

It would then be incumbent upon Kim to fully account for North Korea’s nuclear arsenal, biological weapon arsenal, and all short-, medium-, and long-range missiles. International inspectors must then be allowed to visually inspect and verify all such weapon inventories, and a plan to permanently monitor the weapons must be put into place. Kim will then want a non-intervention guarantee by the United States, South Korea, and other regional powers.

There is still every reason to believe that this process can ultimately be successful. Why else would Kim and Trump still be so interested in maintaining contact and continuing to build their relationship? Kim surely wants to join the family of nations, have sanctions fully removed, and start to build a successful economy. As hard as it may be for some people to believe, he also no doubt wants to provide a better life for his poverty-stricken people. That path cannot exist without a successful conclusion to the nuclear negotiations.

Kim and Trump deserve a lot of credit for dismissing the naysayers and proceeding apace. There have been, and will continue to be, obstacles of various levels of severity along the road. There may be some more name-calling and saber-rattling. Both leaders will continue to wave their respective flags in the process. But they both have their eyes firmly on the prize. Embracing the middle ground was always the only way this proposition had a reasonable chance of succeeding. Kim and Trump should be given credit for having the temerity to start down this path. If only the media and cynical foreign policy analysts would now get out of the way.

Daniel Wagner is CEO of Country Risk Solutions and author of the new book China Vision.

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  1. In Singapore Trump agreed with the Panmunjon Declaration between ROK and DPRK. The declaration had three numbered main points, each with a list of subitems. The first main point covers inner-Korean relations including economic relations, the second point is about the lowering of military tension, the third is about a peace agreement. The second subitem of the third main point sets out a step by step process of disarmament.

    So normalizing relations comes before denuclearization. A country can’t be expected to disarm when it is threatened. Many people don’t understand that, but Trump apparently does.

  2. Nice to read Daniel Wagner’s piece. It goes along fine until he presents his path forward.
    “A next logical step would be to declare a formal end to the Korean War … to set the stage for … the cessation of the annual military exercises between South Korea and the United States. It would then be incumbent upon Kim to fully account for North Korea’s nuclear arsenal, biological weapon arsenal, and all short-, medium-, and long-range missiles.” It is hard enough to believe that any US Administration would agree with the first two, but it not possible to believe that Kim would agree to give the ‘full account’. No, IMHO just getting through to the end of the Trump era without military action against North Korea is a big enough wish. And I agree with Daniel Wagner that Trump should be given some credit for moving in that direction, and also for sending John Bolton to Mongolia.

  3. To me, not, but… I think what’s illustrative here is that only NUCLEAR countries have the respect by such a limited President of USA. Irán is therefore right to go nuclear… This is the sad conclusion…


    Nuclear weapons will be used, I imagine, in this new age of barbarism that the Western Civilization – the global source of instability – has ushered us into, and then the limits of their usefulness will become apparent.

    Brazil and Argentina will become nuclear armed as this age of barbarism takes hold.

  5. José Raymond Herrera,
    ‘Despair not, for a new day will come’ — or something like that. Or maybe, ‘Trump is not forever’!
    No, Iran would not be “right to go nuclear.” President Trump has said Iran ‘will never get a nuclear weapon’ and means it. If he is still in command, he will launch a destructive attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities if Iran is found to be working toward a nuclear weapon. And you can bet that Israel would find that out.
    Iran’s leaders know the US well enough to understand that. Back when Saddam Hussain had Iraq working on nuclear weapons, it apparently made sense for Iran to counter that with its own program. But today, it does not make any sense.
    So, Iran is now trying to use the’ leverage’ from its nuclear activities to break through the US’s strangling sanctions. Whether that will work, we have to wait and see.

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