Will Jordan and Syria Normalize Ties?

Syrian refugee camp in Jordan (Foreign and Commonwealth Office via Flickr)

by Giorgio Cafiero After Syria’s crisis erupted in 2011, Jordanian-Syrian relations suffered immensely. Early in the conflict, Damascus began accusing Amman of financing and training “terrorist” organizations fighting against the Syrian regime. In May 2014, the Hashemite kingdom expelled Syria’s… Continue Reading  

Saudi and Emirati Stakes in China’s Ascendancy

Xi Jinping and Mohammed bin Salman

by Giorgio Cafiero and Bridgett Neff Although the United States remains an extremely powerful force in the Middle East, the strategically flawed and disastrous invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003, the financial crash of 2008, and the chaotic fallout… Continue Reading  

Bahraini Narratives About the United States

U.S. Naval Forces Central Command via Flickr

by Giorgio Cafiero The eruption of Bahrain’s political crisis seven-and-a-half years ago marked a watershed in Manama-Washington relations. It also transformed how both Bahrain’s regime and its Shia-dominated opposition viewed the United States. For decades, Bahrain’s leadership has seen the… Continue Reading  

The Afrin Factor in Turkey-UAE Relations

arda savasciogullari via Shutterstock

by Giorgio Cafiero When they view Aden, Aleppo, Basra, Gaza, Ghouta, Mosul, and blockaded Qatar, Turks see grave injustices suffered by people in Arab lands once ruled by the Ottoman Empire. Such a perspective informs a popular Turkish narrative that… Continue Reading  

Oman’s Port Strategy

View of the Salalah coast (Wikimedia Commons / Balou46)

by Giorgio Cafiero and Victoria Shakespeare At the incipience of plans to finalize ports in Duqm and Salalah, Oman could potentially succeed in establishing two commercial hubs that become highly important to the international economy, perhaps one day rivaling Dubai’s… Continue Reading