Trump’s Jerusalem Policy and Israeli-Palestinian Peace

Donald Trump and Benjamin Netanyahu (Wikimedia Commons)

by Lara Friedman

With the opening of the U.S. embassy in Jerusalem looming large, speculation continues to mount regarding President Trump’s long-promised plan to achieve Israeli-Palestinian peace. Does it exist? Will it ever be released? Will Secretary of State Mike Pompeo play a more important role in it than his predecessor? And above all, what will such a plan actually entail?

By all credible accounts, the answers to these questions—if there are answers—remain closely held, even within the Trump administration. Yet, on the question of what the plan will entail, Trump’s policy shift on Jerusalem already provides a compelling answer. Indeed, Trump made this answer clear when he stated that his Jerusalem policy marked “the beginning of a new approach to conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.” The contours of this “new approach” are contained in four distinct elements of Trump’s Jerusalem announcement.

The first element is substantive. Trump’s move endorsed Israeli claims to Jerusalem while offering no legitimacy to the parallel claims of Palestinians. Consistent with this approach, the Trump administration—which since taking office has ended U.S. criticism of settlement expansion and has banished the word “occupied” from its official lexicon—is already shifting U.S. policy to legitimize Israeli construction in the West Bank. Likewise, the ongoing U.S. assault on the UN Relief and Works Agency suggests that Trump is already shifting U.S. policy into alignment with U.S. and Israeli hardliners who have long sought to delegitimize Palestinian refugee claims, with the goal of redefining the refugee issue out of existence. Any Trump plan would likely formalize these and other key policy shifts desired by Israeli and American hardliners (including senior Trump officials), like endorsing Israel’s right to maintain permanent control over significant areas of the West Bank, including the Jordan Valley.

The second element is normative. Trump justified his decision on Jerusalem by saying that it was “nothing more, or less, than a recognition of reality,” despite the fact that the various parties and the world at large hotly contest this “reality.” Subsequent policy shifts on refugees, settlements, and borders will likely be justified, too, as merely recognizing reality—despite the fact that, again, the “reality” in question is nothing of the sort. For example, a shift in policy on settlements will likely be grounded in the lie that there is nothing controversial about Israel building in areas of the West Bank that “everybody knows” Israel will retain in a future peace deal. In fact, such construction violates the very notion of a negotiated agreement, erases the 1967 border as the basis for an agreement, is designed to prevent the establishment of a contiguous Palestinian state or a Palestinian capital in East Jerusalem, and undermines the viability of land swaps.

The third element is exonerative. With his Jerusalem announcement, Trump insisted that he was “not taking a position on any final status issues”—despite subsequently boasting that he had taken Jerusalem “off the table.” No doubt a Trump peace plan will disingenuously insist that the same is true with other shifts in policy, be they on settlements, borders, or refugees. Yet the transparent goal and impact of such shifts will be to legitimize Israeli positions, policies, and aspirations that are anathema to peace and to force on the Palestinians (and the world) a new political reality that erases all of the understandings on which the Oslo peace process was based.

The final element is prescriptive. Trump assured the world that his Jerusalem decision was a step “to advance the peace process and to work towards a lasting agreement”—notwithstanding the fact that his decision violated the fundamental premise of Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts, namely that only negotiations will decide the core issues. Looking ahead, Trump and his hardline advisors and surrogates, like Ambassador David Friedman, can be counted on to insist that all of Trump’s policy shifts similarly serve the cause of peace. They will insist on this, despite the fact that these shifts, like all of Trump’s moves thus far on Israel-Palestine, are transparently designed to eliminate the very possibility of a negotiated peace agreement that produces two states based on the 1967 lines and replace it with an imposed reality that conforms to the messianic aspirations of Greater Israel zealots.

In this context, honest observers must give up irrational hopes that Trump will surprise the world with an “ultimate deal” that can bring about Israeli-Palestinian peace. They must stop deluding themselves (and others) that a Trump plan may have “enough in it” to restart a productive peace process. It defies common sense and credulity to still believe that a Trump “peace plan” will serve a purpose other than to formalize and consolidate policies that aim not only to take the core issues of contention between Israel and the Palestinians off the negotiating table, but to remove the table altogether.

Rather than wasting time and energy speculating about a possible, future Trump “peace plan,” responsible people should be working urgently to challenge and resist Trump’s currently unfolding Israel-Palestine policies—policies that run counter to the values and national security interests of the American people, trample the human and civil rights of Palestinians, threaten the existence of a progressive, democratic Israel, and spit in the face of international law.

Lara Friedman

Lara Friedman is the president of the Foundation for Middle East Peace (FMEP). With more than 25 years working in the Middle East foreign policy arena, Lara is a leading authority on U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East, with particular expertise on the Israeli-Arab conflict, Israeli settlements, Jerusalem, and the role of the U.S. Congress. She is published widely in the U.S. and international press and is regularly consulted by members of Congress and their staffs, by Washington-based diplomats, by policy-makers in capitals around the world, and by journalists in the U.S. and abroad. In addition to her work at FMEP, Lara is a non-resident fellow at the U.S./Middle East Project (USMEP). Prior to joining FMEP, Lara was the director of policy and government relations at Americans for Peace Now, and before that she was a U.S. Foreign Service Officer, serving in Jerusalem, Washington, Tunis and Beirut. She holds a B.A. from the University of Arizona and a Master’s degree from Georgetown’s School of Foreign Service; in addition to English, Lara speaks French, Arabic, Spanish, (weak) Italian, and muddles through in Hebrew.



  1. Trump has indicated what he (almost certainly – always the randomness factor here) – indends to do. Exactly as you say:dump the Palestinians as unceremoniously as he’s dumped anyone or thing else he no longer has use for.The disposal of any kind of used tissue comes to mind.

    He has done this for family and business reasons, and because he’s playing to part of his fundamentalist Christian base. As these considertions utterly dominate his mindset and intentions, there is zero, repeat zero, chance anyone can persuade him to do otherwise. For the excellently simple reason that the Palestinians have nothing to offer Trump; so for him, they do not exist as a consideration.

    Unfortunately, the Palestininans join the natives of North and South America as at best an irrelevance, at worst a pest to be dealt with by ‘dispossession’. On the wrong side of history.

    It’s clear that the ‘international community’ will continue to issue at strongest pro-forma tut-tuttings, to Trump and Netenyahu, with no positive meaningful (for the Palestinians) consequence.

    This is utterly unjust; and as utterly inevitaable. Bluntly, nobody with clout, cares.

  2. Trump appears willing to foster the fanatical Zionist object of permanent occupation of the West Bank, even if this sets up an Apartheid state.

  3. I would be curious to hear your opinion about the rumors going around this week that Trump will demand that Israel cede four Jerusalem neighborhoods to Palestine and make the Old City international territory. This seems pretty significant if true and makes me much more open to Trump as a negotiator. If he’s forcing Israel to make significant concessions, they may accept simply because there’s never going to be anyone this favorable to their claims again. As much as I despise Trump, this could be a real opportunity.

  4. President Trump will unveil his Peace Plan on May 14, 2018 a date that has prophetic implications: to wit: “The 70th year since the rebirth of Israel”. By moving the USA Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, endeared the President to all Israel and they will readily accept his Peace Plan. The Church should take heed that when this plan is implemented, the headlines of the news will say “Peace & Safety” and the world will demand that President Trump receive the Nobel Prize for Peace. The President is a “master” at negotiating Real Estate and this will be the greatest Real Estate Deal of human history. His plan will of course entail dividing Jerusalem thus letting the Palestinians have East Jerusalem as their capital. In return, Israel will be allowed to build their 3rd Temple on Temple Mount and have free access to it. To the Church I say: Reread Daniel 9:27 and to the world I say:”For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.” 1 Thessalonians 5:3

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