Fox Host: Material Support To Terror Groups Is Okay If You ‘Believe’ In Their Cause

Reposted by arrangement with Think Progress

This week on Fox News, anchors Bill O’Reilly and John Stossel discussed former Democratic presidential candidate Howard Dean’s advocacy for the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), an exiled Iranian opposition group designated as a “foreign terror organization” by the State Department. The leadership of the group is based in Paris, while more than 3,000 former fighters linger in Camp Ashraf — a base set up outside Baghdad in the 1980s when the group allied with Saddam Hussein against Iran — where they face violent harassment by the Iraqi authorities.

O’Reilly and Stossel went through some background about the group and Dean’s history of paid speeches advocating for their removal from the terror rolls and U.S. recognition of the group’s leader, Maryam Rajavi, as the president of Iran.

Their history is shoddy. For example, Stossel blames the group’s U.S. designation solely on acts committed in the 1970s, which he says were carried out by a “nasty fringe” and occurred “30, 40 years ago.” But the MEK only renounced violence in 2001 and fighters were separated from their tanks in Camp Ashraf only in 2003. The U.S. government actually directly accuses the MEK of carrying out terrorist acts as recently as the late 1990s.

But the really staggering ignorance on the part of Stossel is his misunderstanding of the statutes that criminalize material support for groups designated as terrorists. Stossel compares Dean’s paid speeches advocating for the MEK to speeches on behalf of medical industry groups and Stossel’s own paid speeches. O’Reilly, to his credit, pushes back:

O’REILLY: He’s lobbying, and he’s getting paid by this group, Dean, to…

STOSSEL: We don’t know that he’s lobbying for them. He’s made speeches for them, but so has Rudy Giuliani.

O’REILLY: Come on. Why would these guys do that unless they were getting paid?

STOSSEL: Because they say, “Oh, we have Howard Dean speaking here in Belgium. Come over and meet Howard Dean.”

O’REILLY: That’s right. And Dean wouldn’t do that unless they were greasing him.

STOSSEL: Right. They’re greasing him.

O’REILLY: Yes, so he’s getting money from these people.

STOSSEL: So? I make speeches for money.


STOSSEL: If he checked them out and he believes…

O’REILLY: You do the chamber of commerce in Toledo. Not the Muhajadeen.

STOSSEL: If I believed in their cause, as he says he does.

O’REILLY: Oh, yes, he believes in their cause. Socialized medicine people? That’s what he believes in.

STOSSEL: He’s also taken money to change the patent rules for pharmaceutical companies. I don’t blame him for doing that.

O’REILLY: Dean is a lobbyist now, that’s what he does. And he gets paid by MSNBC.

Watch the whole exchange:

Stossel’s defense closely mirrors that of Rudy Giuliani, Tom Ridge, and Fran Townsend (a paid CNN contributor), who argued after they were accused of material support for terrorism that they didn’t consider the MEK to be a terror group.

That Dean was paid by the group — or more accurately, American supporters of the group (if that’s indeed the case) — is less important than whether or not he made what is considered speech that was “coordinated” with the group. Having spoken to actual MEK rallies in Europe alongside Rajavi, that is a difficult defense for Dean and other paid or unpaid advocates to make. (This is not to say one shouldn’t be able to speak in favor of delisting the MEK, or that they do not deserve today to be delisted, but simply that until they are delisted, the laws on the matter are clear.)

But one does not simply get to choose which laws they follow and which designations they recognize. In a nation where the rule of law matters, it needs to be applied equally to all violators, irrespective of what they or others feel about it. That’s why the false comparison between the MEK and the Toledo Chamber of Commerce is so staggering.

Ali Gharib

Ali Gharib is a New York-based journalist on U.S. foreign policy with a focus on the Middle East and Central Asia. His work has appeared at Inter Press Service, where he was the Deputy Washington Bureau Chief; the Buffalo Beast; Huffington Post; Mondoweiss; Right Web; and Alternet. He holds a Master's degree in Philosophy and Public Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science. A proud Iranian-American and fluent Farsi speaker, Ali was born in California and raised in D.C.



  1. Uh, I’m a bit confused here. Are you criticizing Stossel alone? Or Stossel and Dean? If one should be able to speak in favor of delisting the MEK, then what’s the problem? That Stossel is mistaken about or misrepresenting the history of that organization? Doesn’t seem like much to hang a column on.

  2. If these folks had been making speeches funded by Hamas, they’d all be in jail by now. Making speeches would be considered as bolstering the legitimacy of Hamas, thereby constituting “material support.” Of course, that’s an expansive view of the law, but activists have already been jailed using equally expansive interpretations of that law.

    Bottom line–we do not live in a nation of laws. If you’re support government policy, you’re free to support terrorist organizations. If the government doesn’t like some group, for whatever reason, you’re subject to incarceration for doing anything on its behalf. Just ask Sami Al-Airan.

  3. Some reporting needs to be done on the Holy Land Foundation trial. They used charities that had been vetted and approved by both Israel and the US. When Hamas’ status was changed, the US went after HLF. They were guilty of sending food, clothes and money to schools. These schools in Gaza had pictures of Hamas officials, much as we might have pictures of the President, governors, mayors and the like–and after the elections in Gaza that was considered beyond the pale.

    Another incident was the transfer of two used computers that the Alashi bros. sent to family in Syria. I’m under the impression that they submitted forms and sought approval from customs, and other US federal depts, got approval, only to have this too be turned criminal post facto.

    The accounts of the trial were troubling from a few people who have great integrity, who’ve never mislead, who aren’t prone to even exaggeration. They weren’t lawyers, but they do claim local reporters were shocked at the trial. Anonymous witnesses were used, that were not available for cross examination, they identified “terrorist” words and phrases like, “assalam alikum,” “allah akbar,” “inshahallah,” “bismillah,” and “hamdullah.” Literally, “peace unto you,” “God willing,” “in the name of God,” and “God’s good (to me)”

  4. MEK is playing a role similar to Chalabi’s Iraqi National Congress; that is, it (with its neocon friends) is interested in getting the U.S. government to go to war against Iran. In my view, the State Dept. should not maintain a terrorist list at all, but Dean, Giuliani, Ridge, Bolton, et al. claim to believe in the rule of law. So it is hypocrisy for them to think they should not be prosecuted under the law as it stands today.

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