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Published on March 14th, 2014 | by Derek Davison

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Tatar, Not Tartar: A Photo Essay

by Derek Davison

Let’s talk about the difference between a “Tatar” and “tartar.” Yes, I’m talking to you, National Geographic:

Russian forces are also conveniently located in Crimea, where a largely Russian populace (59 percent; Crimea was a part of Russia until 1954)—has so far welcomed the Russian forces. Twelve percent of Crimea’s population, however, is made up Crimean Tartars, who once ruled the peninsula.

I’m also talking to you, Journal of Turkish Weekly (the piece is even called “Crimean Tatars: May 25 referendum unacceptable”!):

Crimean Tartars, who make up 13 percent of the Crimea population, are also against a decision voted on by the Parliament on Thursday, to hold a referendum on May 25 to decide the future of Crimea’s status.

Eli Lake, you’re not off the hook either:

Zissels said he was more worried for the Muslim majority Tartar community in Crimea than he was for the 17,000 Jews who are estimated to live there.

Also, Michael Collins Dunn at the Middle East Institute (!), you too:

Most of the reporting of the crisis in the Crimea has focused on ethnic Russians battling ethnic Ukrainians, but there is another ethnicity that ruled Crimea before either country: The Crimean Tartars.

See, the Tatars are the people who live in Crimea (and elsewhere; the largest subset is actually the Volga Tatars, who live in the Ural Mountains). When the Mongols swept across Asia and into Europe in the 13th century, several of the tribes in their confederation had the name Tatar, and when the Europeans heard the word “Tatar,” to their ears it sounded an awful lot like “Tartar.” The Latin word for Hell is Tartarus, and those Mongol armies might have seemed like they were sent from Hell to overrun Christian Europe, so the corrupted name “Tartar” stuck. Nowadays we know that the people call themselves “Tatars,” but some of us keep calling them “Tartars” anyway.

Let’s run through some pictures that might help get my point across. These are Crimean Tatars:

CT12

This, on the other hand, is tartar, right before the dentist scrapes it off:

tartar

Here’s steak tartare:

steak-tartar

Culinary lore says that this dish was named after the Tatars, or “Tartars.” Europeans observed that Mongol horsemen would slip thin cuts of meat under their saddles and assumed that the rider would then eat the meat after it had been tenderized by a hard day of riding. Turns out the slices of meat were put under the saddle to soothe sores on the horse’s back and were thrown away, not eaten. Really, if you think about it, who’s going to eat a slice of meat that’s been stuck under a horse’s saddle all day?

Actually, steak à la tartare gets its name not from the Tatars, but from the sauce that usually accompanies it: tartar sauce, seen more often nowadays with fried fish and chips than with raw meat:

fish-tartar

Tartar sauce may be named after the Tatars, but as far as I can tell it’s not clear how or why that would be.

These are taters, and now we’re completely off topic, although they are indispensable for making fish and chips with tartar sauce:

taters

I’m obviously making light of a silly linguistic error, but the situation in which the Crimean Tatars find themselves right now is anything but silly. In 1944 Josef Stalin ordered the mass deportation of all Crimean Tatars on the charge, later shown to be false, that large numbers of Tatars had collaborated with Nazi forces when the Nazis occupied Crimea from 1941-44. Between the conditions of the deportation itself and the poor conditions that awaited the Tatar exiles in their new “homes” in Central Asia, it’s believed that 109,956 Crimean Tatars, or 46.2% of the 238,500 deportees, died within 18 months. Perhaps it’s understandable, then, why the prospect of a Russian annexation of Crimea does not make the peninsula’s Tatars, who were only allowed to return to their ancestral homeland in the 1980s, particularly excited.

So please, let’s at least resolve to refer to them as the Crimean Tatars and not by a 13th century corruption of that name that suggests they were either sent from Hell or caused by poor dental hygiene. Once we have the name right, maybe then we can consider what may happen if their community is absorbed into Russia against their will.

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About the Author

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Derek Davison is a Washington-based researcher and writer on international affairs and American politics. He has Master's degrees in Middle East Studies from the University of Chicago, where he specialized in Iranian history and policy, and in Public Policy and Management from Carnegie Mellon University, where he studied American foreign policy and Russian/Cold War history. He previously worked in the Persian Gulf for The RAND Corporation.



7 Responses to Tatar, Not Tartar: A Photo Essay

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  1. avatar Norman says:

    Is this the same as :tomato or tomoto, potato or pototo, oh well, point taken for history lesson. Does it really make any difference to the situation there at the present time? Semantics, oh how corruptible we as humans do to the ways of the word.

  2. avatar CanuckBC says:

    Well, it is interesting how sympathetic can be writing of western scholar about Tatars. It is obvious that none of author’s ancestors had been hijakted from their homes in Ukraine, Poland and Russia during thousand year of their terror raids and enslavement of Slavic people. I guess if up to 3 millions of ancestors of author were herded and sold as the slaves English language word for a slave would look differently and would not be based on Slav as it is now.

    What I don’t understand is why author did not put into his ode on Tatars the numbers of Russians killed and imprisoned by that Georgian madman Stalin. Is it because author wants to instill feeling in his readers that not Tatars but Russians are from the hell?. Yes, I think that not every Crimean Tatar collaborated with Nazis, but there was Tatar Legion fighting with Nazis. Whole leadership of Crimea Tatars collaborated with Nazis as they had probably feeling that their former resource of slaves must be punished for disobeying their once so powerful Tatar overlords.

    As anybody can see there is no love lost between Tatars and their Slavic neighbors. I never heard that Tatars asked for forgiveness their neighbors for their crimes against humanity. Maybe author does not see Slavs as human beings, but they are.

  3. avatar William Burns says:

    Well, Canuck, how do you feel about the record of white, including Slavic, Canadians vis a vis the Natives?

  4. avatar Beijjing says:

    Truly illuminating! Thank you.

  5. avatar CanuckBC says:

    William, I do not think about these things as a relation between the races – Natives actually also think about the Earth as the home of human race. I think about this more in relation of exploitation of one by another. And I do not think you find many Slavs among all those conquistadors, Custers etc. I am not saying that all Slavs are angels but also they are not the devils. Slavs used to be more slaves then enslavers.Even Russians were enslaved most of their history. First it were by Vikings. Then by Mongols and Tatars. The memory of Tatars raids is even live in my native Slovakia. One hill of Slovak mountains still bears name of Tatars since it used to be used as a lafe saving shelter in times of Tatars raids. Slovaks were decimated by these raids. Half of inhabitants were either killed or taken as the slaves. Slovak woman were raped by Tatars and even one Slovak hockey player in NHL carries name of Tatars as a family name. So why do you think about Slavs in Canada? Do they kill, plunder and rape Natives? I do not know about this.

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