Environmental Change: An Overlooked Threat Multiplier in Mali

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by Anna Cizek In the first decade of the 21st century, al-Qaeda faced a deteriorating support base because of its role in the deaths of many innocent Muslims. As a result, Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri (now al-Qaeda’s leader) directed the… Continue Reading  

Averting a World of Failed States and Resource Wars

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by Michael Klare At the end of November, delegations from nearly 200 countries will convene in Paris for what is billed as the most important climate meeting ever held.  Officially known as the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP-21) of… Continue Reading  

Mali Recovering as Jihadists Focus on Southern Libya & Niger

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by Wayne White Mali finally signed a ceasefire with Tuareg separatists negotiated by the UN and the EU, potentially opening the way for the return of a central government presence to the key Saharan provincial capital of Kidal. Mali also… Continue Reading  

Mali: Players Increasingly Thinking Long-Term

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by Wayne White Continuing extremist attacks in northern Mali are a reminder that this vast Saharan region, given to raiding and smuggling for more than a millennium, could remain an attractive haven even for a much weakened al-Qaeda in the… Continue Reading  

Saharan Mess: Tuaregs, Terrorism and Maghrebi Spillover

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The crisis affecting Mali and southern Algeria is only the latest phase in a long pattern of conflict. The often nomadic Saharan Tuareg, with populations spreading far beyond northern Mali, have never had a stable relationship with the more settled… Continue Reading