Turkey’s Afrin Operation Draws in Armenians, Azeris


by Emil Sanamyan  As Turkey’s military intervention in Kurdish-majority Afrin, Syria, entered its third week, a parallel public relations battle has raged on airwaves and social media, with varying messages tailored to Armenian and Azerbaijani audiences. The Kurdish Democratic Federation of… Continue Reading  

US Policy Toward the Levant, Kurds, and Turkey


by Joshua Landis The State Department has turned the page on Turkey for it no longer views Ankara is a reliable US partner. Many argue that Washington will abandon Syria’s Kurds in order to assuage Turkish anger. I doubt this.… Continue Reading  

The Militarization of the Red Sea


by Shehab al-Makahleh and Giorgio Cafiero The Red Sea has historically connected traders from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. Today the strategically valuable body of water is vital to Sino-European trade. In recent years, several countries have established… Continue Reading  

Erdogan’s New Focus on Jerusalem


by Giorgio Cafiero U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel has unleashed widespread rage across the Muslim world. One of the numerous consequences has been heightened tension in Turkish-Israeli relations, historically a pro-Western alliance that… Continue Reading  

Turkey and the Kurdish Vote for Independence in Iraq


by Omer Taspinar Recent developments in Iraq, with the Kurdish referendum for independence taking place as scheduled on Monday, put the Turkish government of Recep Tayyip Erdogan between a rock and a hard place. According to most recent press reports, more… Continue Reading